David Bellamy death – Ex-BBC broadcaster and environmental campaigner passes away aged 86

FORMER BBC broadcaster David Bellamy has died aged 86.

The larger-than-life environmental campaigner – famed for his wild grey hair and beard – presented more than 400 programmes and wrote 45 books.

The Conservation Foundation, which Bellamy was president and co-founder of, confirmed he had passed away today in a statement.

Director David Shreeve said: "Sadly, I have to report that David Bellamy died this morning. David and I worked together on a variety of projects in a various places since launching The Conservation Foundation in 1982.

"He was a larger-than-life character who became a very special friend and teacher. He inspired a whole generation with his wide range of interests and enthusiasm which knew no bounds.

"The Conservation Foundation was very special to him and so today is very sad for all of us."

RISE TO FAME

Presenter Bellamy was a household name thanks to his work as a scientist and conservationist.

He inspired Sir Lenny Henry's "grapple me grapenuts" catchphrase and was a regular presence on TV.

But Bellamy said the work dried up after he spoke out against wind farms while appearing on Blue Peter in 1996.

In 2004, the killer blow came when he branded climate change "poppycock".

Bellamy said at the time: "From that moment, I really wasn’t welcome at the BBC. They froze me out because I don’t believe in global warming.

“My career dried up. I was thrown out of my own conservation groups and I got spat at in London.

“I was due to start another series with the BBC but that didn’t go anywhere and the other side [ITV] didn’t want to know. I was shunned. They didn’t want to hear the other side.”

Tributes have flooded in for the presenter from the world of TV.

Comedy writer and fellow broadcaster Danny Baker called him a "truly brilliant and canny broadcaster".

While Great Morning Britain presenter Piers Morgan said: "RIP David Bellamy, 86. A brilliant naturalist, broadcaster & character."







Source: Read Full Article

Foie gras factory footage of suffocated ducklings is revealed

Grim undercover footage shows thousands of ducklings being force-fed or left to suffocate in bins in a French foie gras factory

  • Whistleblower secretly filmed conditions at the Domaine de la Peyrouse factory
  • Female ducklings are tossed alive into vast bins and left to starve or suffocate
  • The males have their beaks mutilated before being force-fed for 12 days   
  • WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT 

Gruesome footage from a French foie gras factory shows thousands of ducklings being thrown into bins and left to starve or suffocate to death.

Others have their beaks and claws mutilated before being force-fed in tiny cages to fatten their livers to make the expensive delicacy.

The footage was secretly filmed by a whistleblower at the award-winning Domaine de la Peyrouse factory in Coulounieix-Chamiers, on the outskirts of the Dordogne capital Perigueux.

A whistleblower secretly filmed thousands of ducklings being tossed in giant wheelie bins and left to starve or suffocate at Domaine de la Peyrouse factory in Dordogne

The footage was released by French animal rights organisation L214 which has called for foie gras production to be banned in France.

The distressing footage shows female ducklings, which can’t be used to make foie gras, being callously discarded and thrown alive into large wheelie bins and left to die.

Eggs that are thrown away often hatch in the bins but the ducklings are left to perish. 

Most either suffocate or starve to death.

Male ducklings have their beaks mutilated by a machine ‘to limit injuries between birds’

The male ducklings are force-fed when they are a few weeks old by inserting pipes down their throats before being slaughtered

The factory is also a training facility connected to the Lycee Agricole de Perigueux – an agricultural high school that teaches students how to produce foie gras.

The male ducklings are force-fed by inserting pipes down their throats before being slaughtered. 

L214 spokesperson Barbara Boyer said the males have their heads jammed into a machine that ‘mutilates them by burning the end of their beaks, in order to limit injuries between birds.’ 

She added: ‘The forced cohabitation of hundreds or thousands of animals in most farms promotes aggressive behaviour.  

‘But instead of limiting the number of animals on the farms, people in the industry mutilate them by removing their claws and the tip of the beak.’

Female ducklings, which can’t be used to make foie gras, are callously thrown away and left to die.

Ducklings have their heads jammed into a machine before the end of their beaks are burnt off

She said the animals are force-fed for 10 to 12 days, a process that causes them to gasp for breath and gives them diarrhea.

The birds’ livers may become 6 to 10 times the normal size and stop working properly. 

Before they are slaughtered they are stunned by being dunked in electrified water.

They are then bled to death and have their livers removed. 

Eggs that were thrown away often hatch in the bins where the ducklings are left to perish

But the footage shows that some regain consciousness during the gruesome process and suffer an agonising death.

The factory is also a training facility connected to the Lycee Agricole de Perigueux – an agricultural high school that teaches students how to produce foie gras.  

It has won prestigious awards including the ‘Origine Certifiee Perigord’ and a gold medal at the Concours General Agricole in 2019, a competition established in 1870 by the French government. 

The male ducklings are force-fed for 10 to 12 days before being slaughtered

 

Source: Read Full Article

Harvey Weinstein arrives at court with a WALKER

Harvey Weinstein, 67, arrives at court with a walker after complaining about back injury as impatient judge increases his bail to $5MILLION and warns him not to let his health problems get in the way of trial

  • Weinstein, 67, arrived at court in New York on Wednesday with the walker 
  • He was hunched over the device which had two tennis balls stuck on the bottom
  • Weinstein is due to go to trial in January for five sexual assault charges
  • He was in court for a judge’s final decision on whether or not to keep his bail at $1million cash 
  • Judge James Burke increased it to $5million and warned Weinstein not to cause any disruptions
  • Weinstein is due to have surgery on Thursday; he told the judge: ‘This is good for you’ 

Harvey Weinstein appeared in court in New York with a walker on Wednesday after a frail outing last week prompted questions over his health and was warned by a judge not to let his health get in the way of his trial. 

Weinstein’s bail was increased from $1million to $5million after prosecutors said he had routinely left home without his ankle monitor or all the pieces of it that were required to track him. 

In total, there have been 57 violations since his arrest last May, they said. 

Weinstein said he had been ‘100% compliant’ with bail conditions. He will undergo surgery on Thursday for an apparent back injury that he says he sustained in a car accident in August.

The judge reprimanded him for the violations and said: ‘If you have any further medical issues, the court will not be terribly understanding.’ 

Weinstein shot back, saying the surgery was necessary for him to be able to go to court next year. 

‘This is the only time I’ve asked for it. This ensures I am here Jan. 6. This is a good thing for you,’ he said.

Harvey Weinstein arrived at court on New York on Wednesday leaning on a walker. His lawyers say he will have surgery this week on his back for an injury he sustained in a car accident in August

Last week, the 67-year-old hobbled into court for a bail hearing looking distinctly more frail and unsteady on his feet than in months past. 

On Tuesday, his attorneys told Court TV that they were ‘dismayed’ by the suggestion that his fragility might have been an act and said it the media had ‘incorrectly stated’ as much.

‘I was dismayed to see all the press coverage incorrectly stating that Mr. Weinstein was trying to garner sympathy at his court appearance last week. 

‘Mr. Weinstein was in a serious car accident in August, which resulted in a concussion and has now necessitated the need for back surgery later this week.

‘He has been using a walker to assist him as the back pain has increased.

‘He wanted to leave the walker in the car, so it did not appear that was he looking for sympathy, as he is not. 

‘The press surrounding his physical condition is mean spirited and false,’ his attorney, Donna Rotunno said. 

After his court appearance last week, she brought up his health. It was later reported that he was suffering from Type 2 diabetes.   

The movie mogul was hunched over his walker as he made his way through the courthouse

Weinstein’s attorneys said last week that he had suffered an injury in August which means he will have surgery this week 

Weinstein is due to go on trial for five sexual assault charges in January 

Once inside, the 67-year-old appeared to rely even more heavily on the device 

Weinstein’s attorneys said last week they were ‘dismayed’ by the suggestion he was putting on his illness 

Weinstein will go to trial in January on five sexual assault charges. 

He was in court for a bail hearing in light of a New York law change which will take effect next year which eliminates cash bail for nonviolent crimes to make it easier for poorer defendants to await trial at home as opposed to in custody. 

It has little bearing on his case but he was required to go before the judge. 

The judge decided to keep his bail at $1million.

Prosecutors had pushed for tighter conditions, asking for a $5million cash bond and claiming that he had violated his bail conditions by going unaccounted for for hours at home.

Weinstein’s team said it was an accident. 


Weinstein on Friday (left) and (right) in 2017, before the scandal. His attorneys said on Friday it had taken a visible toll on his health

Source: Read Full Article

Couple tortured, beat and starved adopted son, 14, who was kept in a basement locked 23 hours a day for 2 years – The Sun

A COUPLE who beat, tortured, and starved their adopted teenage son, and kept him in a locked basement 23 hours a day for two years, are trying to avoid jail time.

Richard Hobson Kelly and Cynthia Rogers Kelly of Helena, Alabama, pleaded guilty to the charge of aggravated family child abuse after cruelly torturing the 14-year-old.


The teen was "severely, chronically malnourished, dehydrated, suffering from acute respiratory distress, shock, hypothermia, hypothyroid" as a result of their abuse, WVTM 6 reported.

Local cops were shocked to discover that the rail-thin, homeschooled teenager was "close to death" after living in forced isolation at the couple's home for so long.

An order filed in Shelby County Circuit Court on Dec. 10 states that the Kellys moved to reject the maximum sentence of jail time, according to the Helena Reporter.

They rejected the state's recommendation of spending 10 years behind bars, making the application for probation on Monday.

The court requested a pre-investigation report ahead of the Kellys' sentencing hearing next February, four years after the shocking abuse came to light.

The Alabama couple were arrested by the Helena Police Department and Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, charged with one count each of aggravated family child abuse each in 2016.

Their sadistic abuse included keeping the 55-pound boy in a closed off room in the basement from 2014 to 2016 where he was isolated from social interactions, according to the 2017 indictment.

The document described how the starving teen was only allowed a box spring to sleep on and "only fed one meal a day," to the point that he had to be hospitalized with serious injuries.

"[He was ] suffering from extreme malnourishment, shock, hypothermia and dehydration to the point of near death and presented with abrasions on his knees, lips, ears and ankles," it stated.

Local reports indicate that neighbors thought the boy – who was seen mowing the Kellys' lawn – was 8 or 9 years old given how small he was.

Their 19-year-old adopted daughter and a 21-year-old man – described as a family acquaintance – were also living there at the time but weren't charged with any abuse

Helena Police Chief Pete Folmar revealed that for many of the local officers, "this [was] the most disturbing case that they have seen in their careers" at 2016 press conference.

The Kellys were released from a seven-month stint in Shelby County Jail in July 5, 2017 after their bond was amended from $1 million to $100,000 each.

Source: Read Full Article

Driver rolls cigarette with both hands off wheel on dual carriageway

Shocking moment driver is spotted rolling a cigarette with both hands off the steering wheel on a busy dual carriageway

  • Philip Foster, from Oldbury, West Midlands, was a passenger in his work DPD van
  • He captured the driver in the adjacent lane rolling a cigarette with both hands
  • After rolling it, the driver even holds up the cigarette to admire his handiwork 

A motorist has been caught rolling a cigarette with both hands off the wheel while he was driving on a dual carriageway. 

Philip Foster, from Oldbury in the West Midlands, recorded the shocking moment as his works vehicle passed the Volkswagen Passat. 

Mr Foster, a DPD worker, then shared the footage onto Facebook, captioning his post: ‘Rolling a fag while driving… I’m a passenger btw.’ 


Philip Foster, from Oldbury in the West Midlands, recorded the shocking moment an adjacent driver rolled a cigarette with both hands

The clip shows Mr Foster’s work vehicle edging closer to the driver’s window. 

As the driver comes into view, Philip zooms into the driver’s window, showing what he is doing. 

The man can be seen very clearly rolling a cigarette with both of his hands away from the steering wheel. 

After finishing, the man admires his handiwork, holding up the cigarette, his hands still detached from the steering wheel. 

After finishing, the man admires his handiwork, holding up the cigarette, his hands still detached from the steering wheel

The man has a passenger who seems unfazed by the driver’s carelessness, not even attempting to grab the wheel once. 

The video is clear enough that the health warning on the pouch of tobacco can be read.  

The video has been met with mixed comments, some slating the smoking driver.

Radek Thomas said: ‘Did you honk on him? That’s what I don’t if they don’t pay attention to the road.

Others joked about the footage, including John Dobson who posted: ‘I have a three-course meal while driving. Rolling a fag is child’s play!!’ 

Source: Read Full Article

Kind schoolgirls collect over 10,000 tokens to get hundreds of free books for classmates with our campaign – The Sun


SUN readers all over the country have been eagerly cutting out tokens for our Books for Schools giveaway — but two Scottish schoolgirls' collecting efforts really are a cut above the rest.

Rebecca and Jessica McInnes, aged 11 and 10, amassed a staggering 10,000 vouchers with an ingenious scheme.


Every day until January 18, The Sun and The Sun on Sunday are printing Books For Schools tokens to collect for your local registered primary.

The campaign has donated millions of pounds worth of books to schools — and the McInnes girls wanted to get in on the giveaway.

So the enterprising pupils, from Dalry in North Ayrshire, asked customers buying The Sun from their parents' newsagents if they could cut the tokens out of the paper before they left the shop.

Dad Daniel McInnes, who runs the shop called J&R McInnes in Dalry, said: "They were actually standing here with a pair of scissors and asking before they were leaving if they could take the tokens out the paper.

"So a lot of the customers went home with holes in their papers!"

The girls' amazing collection was enough to donate hundreds of books to their school, Dalry Primary.


Louise Mulvey, the Deputy Headteacher, said: "I feel really proud of Jessica and Rebecca because they've obviously seen the value in books and the value in reading."

And their proud mum, Pauline Devlin, added: "They help out every other shop that needs any help in the street.

"Everybody knows them — they probably know more people in this town than what we do!"

To say thanks for Rebecca and Jessica's incredible effort, we gave their newsagents a makeover by repainting the shop front and installing a new Scottish Sun sign.

But the real gratitude comes from their schoolmates who now have hundreds of new books to enjoy.

Source: Read Full Article

Pete Doherty rants about 'spitting on Boris Johnson dying in street'

Pete Doherty is filmed in foul-mouthed onstage rant about ‘spitting on Boris Johnson’ if he was dying in the street and shouting ‘don’t let it be the Tories’

  • Libertines singer spoke about the election during a gig in Manchester last night
  • Spoke about a ‘really kind hearted’ friend who had spoken about the PM dying
  • He urged audience not to vote Conservative amid chants of ‘Oh Jeremy Corbyn’  

Pete Doherty was filmed in an onstage rant last night about ‘spitting on Boris Johnson’ if he was dying in the street as he urged fans ‘don’t let it be the Tories’. 

The Libertines singer made the comments as he was walking out for an encore at the O2 Victoria Warehouse in Manchester amid crowd chants of ‘Oh, Jeremy Corbyn’. 

After urging his fans not to vote Conservative, Doherty said: ‘I know a really kind hearted man, he’s been my friend for years, and he said: “If he saw Boris Johnson lying dying in the street I’d f*****g spit on him”.’


Pete Doherty (right, last night in Manchester) slammed Boris Johnson (pictured campaigning in London, left) during an onstage rant 

Some people in the crowd greeted the sick comments about Mr Johnson’s death with cheers, while many criticised them on social media. 

Beginning his impromptu speech, the 40-year-old said: ‘In this twisted society we live in, you’ve got to go out and work and graft to pay your rent. 

‘Sometimes they say you have to bend over and just take it, but don’t let it be the Tories.’

He then referred to a ‘really kind-hearted’ friend wanting to ‘spit’ on the PM if he say him ‘dying in the street’. 

Labour councillor Kallum Nolan filmed the moment and shared it on social media.

‘The crowd went wild, it was as if they were waiting for Pete or Carl (Barat) to mention the election,’ he said. 

‘As you can see from the video, the place erupted when Pete said “not the Tories”. He said something about spitting on Boris Johnson as well which also got a good reaction.’

After urging his fans not to vote Conservative, Doherty said: ‘I know a really kind hearted man, he’s been my friend for years, and he said: “If he saw Boris Johnson lying dying in the street I’d f*****g spit on him”‘

The 28-year-old, from Manchester, said chants of ‘oh Jeremy Corbyn’, in reference to the Labour leader, rippled around the venue ‘whenever there was a quiet moment’.

‘It’s clear which way British music culture is swinging in this election, and that’s to Labour,’ he said, adding he may be ‘slightly biased’.

In November, Doherty was fined £8,500 and given a three-month suspended jail sentence for ‘violence while intoxicate’ after being arrested in Paris twice in a week.

Doherty was greeted by chants of ‘Oh Jeremy Corbyn’ at last night’s Libertines concert, which he is pictured playing at 

He was detained in the Pigalle district on the night of Thursday to Friday for buying cocaine and was provisionally fined £4,280, the Paris prosecutor’s office and his lawyer have said.

After being released he went out to celebrate, taking alcohol, sleeping pills and valium, lawyer Arash Derambarsh said.

Doherty, who has homes in Paris and Margate, got into an argument with two passers-by that led to his eventual re-arrest on Sunday.

The singer shot to fame in the mid-2000s, when he dated supermodel Kate Moss, and has since been arrested numerous times for drug offences.

In the past, he has pleaded guilty to possession of cocaine, heroin, cannabis and ketamine. 

The Jo Cox Foundation, which was set up in memory of the Labour MP after she was murdered by a far-right extremist, has urged against the use of violent language during the election campaign. 

In October a ‘genuinely shocking’ survey revealed that a majority of both Leavers and Remainers thought violence against MPs was a ‘price worth paying’ to secure their preferred Brexit outcome.  

In November, Doherty was fined £8,500 and given a three-month suspended jail sentence for ‘violence while intoxicate’ after being arrested in Paris twice in a week. He’s pictured with his friend Katia De Vidas  

Source: Read Full Article

Bougainville looks set to become the world's newest nation

Bougainville looks set to become the world’s newest nation after voters backed independence from Papua New Guinea

  • About 98% of people on South Pacific island voted in favour of independence
  • Only 3,043 voters supported Bougainville remaining part of Papua New Guinea 
  • Vote concludes decades-long peace process and recovery from brutal civil war 

The people of Bougainville have voted overwhelmingly in favour of the autonomous region becoming independent from Papua New Guinea – a major step towards the group of islands becoming the world’s newest nation.

Bertie Ahern, the Chairman of the Bougainville Referendum Commission, declared today that 176,928 people – around 98 per cent of voters – had backed independence in a referendum.

Only 3,043 of voters had supported the option of the island group remaining part of Papua New Guinea, but with more autonomy.

The announcement prompted loud cheers, applause and tears as dignitaries burst into song, with strains of the islands’ anthem ‘My Bougainville’ ringing out.

Voters cast their ballots at a men-only voting booth in the Bougainville referendum in Teau, Bougainville, Papua New Guinea

‘Happy is an understatement’ said nursing graduate Alexia Baria, ‘you see my tears, this is the moment we have been waiting for.’

The referendum was approved by the Papua New Guinea government but it is said the result is non-binding. 

It concludes a decades-long peace process and a long recovery from a brutal civil war between Bougainville rebels, Papua New Guinea security forces and foreign mercenaries that ended in 1998 and left up to 20,000 people dead. At the time, this was 10 per cent of the population. 

‘Now, at least psychologically, we feel liberated,’ said John Momis, the priest-turned-leader of the autonomous region’s government. 

Members of the Bougainville Women’s Federation cheer in Buka after results were announced in an independence referendum today

Ballot boxes arrive from south Bougainville for registration at the Buka count centre ahead of the result announcement

But independence will not be immediate, a long political process lies ahead and leaders face formidable financial and administrative challenges to turn a cluster of poor Pacific islands into a fully-fledged nation. 

The result must first be ratified by Papua New Guinea’s parliament – where there is opposition to the move for fear it may spark other independence movements in a nation defined by disparate linguistic and tribal groups. 

But the scale of the victory for the pro-independence side will heap pressure on Port Moresby to endorse the outcome. 

‘There’s no misinterpreting this result – Bougainville wants independence’ said Shane McLeod of Sydney’s Lowy Institute. ‘The strength of the vote would seem to make it all but inevitable.’

‘Port Moresby will need to quickly digest the result,’ he added, ‘they’ll need to be ready to talk about the timetable for independence.’

Speaking in Buka, Ahern urged all sides to recognise a vote that was about ‘your peace, your history, and your future’ and showed ‘the power of the pen over weapons’.

Bougainville is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea, consisting of Bougainville Island, Buka Island, and a number of outlying islands and atolls

Puka Temu, Port Moresby’s minister for Bougainville affairs, said ‘the outcome is a credible one’ but asked that voters ‘allow the rest of Papua New Guinea sufficient time to absorb this result’. 

Voting began on November 23 with ecstatic residents – some festooned in grass garlands – forming makeshift choirs that stomped through the streets, waving independence flags, blowing bamboo pipes and chanting in chorus.

The vote officially ended on December 7 and, according to the Bougainville Referendum Commission, it was completed without major incident.

Many Bougainvilleans were realistic about difficulties ahead. Gerald Dising, a store owner who travelled from the far south of Bougainville to witness the result, described it as a ‘first hurdle’ being passed.

Politicians, he said, ‘now have a huge task to implement the wishes of our people.’

But former radio announcer Peter Sohia was optimistic. ‘We may not have the best hospitals, the schools or the road and infrastructure, but our spirit is high and that will get us to where we want’, he said.

People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital Buka in a historical independence vote on November 25

Residents hold a Bougainville flag at a polling station during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa in November

Since French explorer Louis de Bougainville arrived on the palm-fringed Melanesian archipelago more than two hundred years ago, control has passed from Germany, to Australia, to Japan, to the United Nations and eventually to Papua New Guinea.

Many Bougainvilleans however feel a closer cultural affinity to the nearby Solomon Islands, with a strong provincial identity that differs from the tribal factions of other regions of Papua New Guinea.

The 1988-1998 war had its roots in a struggle over revenues from the now-shuttered Panguna copper mine, which at one point accounted for more than 40 per cent of Papua New Guinea’s exports.

The mine is estimated to still hold more than five million tonnes of copper and 19 million ounces of gold – worth billions of dollars at current market prices.

Today’s results will prompt a dash for influence among regional powers China, the United States and Australia.

Attuned to regional rivalry, senior figures in Bougainville’s independence movement have already tried to start a bidding war – warning the nascent nation would turn to Beijing if Western countries do not play their cards right and offer financial support.

Source: Read Full Article

Millions of Brits ditching traditional Christmas dinner — with nearly a quarter of them preferring a curry – The Sun

MILLIONS of Brits are ditching the traditional Christmas dinner — with nearly a quarter of them preferring a curry.

Research suggests 11.5million have gone off turkey and all the trimmings on Xmas Day.

A curry was the top replacement followed by steak, pizza, pasta, a Chinese and fish and chips.

Amazingly, eight per cent would be happy with a sandwich and five per cent with beans on toast.

The poll by Subway also found a third would swap turkey for chicken and a quarter prefer beef.

Food psychologist Greg Tucker said: “Traditions trigger emotions that we want to experience and, being a sensory delight, food is a short-cut to these feelings.

“But while food is the catalyst, it isn’t the root cause, so we shouldn’t be afraid to step outside of our comfort zone.”

Surveys out last Christmas found the number of people eating out on December 25 has risen by 240 per cent in five years.

“But whilst food is the catalyst to these emotions, it isn’t the root cause, so we shouldn’t be afraid to step outside of our comfort zone and enjoy something different this Christmas.”

Country Director UK & Ireland at Subway, Colin Hughes, who carried out the research, said, “Food is a huge part of Christmas, yet many of us are restricting ourselves to meals we don’t really like for the sake of tradition.

“At Subway, you have the freedom to enjoy the food you really want, all year round. That’s why we’re allowing our guests to indulge in the Ultimate Cheesy Garlic Bread Steak Sub for Christmas.

“But if you do want a turkey Sub, you can still make your own at Subway – exactly how you want it!”



Source: Read Full Article

What happened when 3 other US presidents faced impeachment

For the fourth time in American history, the House of Representatives has used its power under the Constitution to try and remove a sitting president and unveiled articles of impeachment.

The allegations of “high crimes and misdemeanors” brought Tuesday against President Donald Trump, bear some similarities to the impeachment charges of the past, as former presidents have also been accused of abuse of power and obstruction.

Here are the details of the historic impeachment charges brought against President Andrew Johnson, President Richard Nixon and President Bill Clinton.

Andrew Johnson (17th President, 1865-1869)

Following the tumult of the Civil War and battles over implementing Reconstruction, President Andrew Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives on March 2, 1868 on 11 articles, though only three were voted on in the Senate.

These articles of impeachment mainly focused on Johnson violating the Tenure of Office Act, which involved his firing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and replacing him with General Lorenzo Thomas, without the consent of the Senate.

Stanton had opposed Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policies toward former Confederate states and generals. At the time, the Tenure of Office Act made it illegal for the President to replace a cabinet member without the consent of the Senate.

The three articles of impeachment the Senate voted on accused Johnson of:

  • Appointing Thomas Secretary of War despite “then and there being no vacancy in said office,” since the dismissal of Stanton was not valid in the first place.
  • Appointing Thomas Secretary of War ad interim “without the advice and consent of the Senate.”
  • Being “unmindful of the high duties of his office, and of his oath of office, and in disregard of the Constitution and laws of the United States.”

Johnson was acquitted in the Senate on May 16, 1868 and May 26, 1868 by three separate votes of 35-19, only one vote short of the 36 votes needed to convict and remove. Johnson completed his final year in office.

Richard Nixon (37th President, 1969-1974)

Nixon’s name is synonymous with the Watergate Scandal, which involved the arrest of burglars hired by the White House to break into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Office Building on June 17, 1972.

After a year-and-a-half of Congressional investigations and hearings the House approved three articles of impeachment against Nixon on July 27, 1974:

  • Obstruction of justice, where the House accused Nixon of using the powers of the presidency to “delay, impede, and obstruct the investigation” and to “cover-up, conceal, and protect those responsible; and to conceal the existence and scope of other unlawful convert activities.”
  • Abuse of power, where the House accused Nixon of knowingly misusing the executive branch — including the FBI and Justice Department — “in violation of his duty to take care that the laws be faithfully executed.”
  • Contempt of Congress, where the House accused Nixon of failing “without lawful cause or excuse to produce papers and things as directed by duly authorized subpoenas issued by” the House Judiciary Committee.

Nixon was not impeached though. He resigned from Congress on August 8, 1974 before the House could vote on impeachment.

Bill Clinton (42nd President, 1993-2001)

The impeachment of Bill Clinton stemmed an independent council’s investigation into a sexual harassment lawsuit filed against him, during which he was accused of lying under oath about a sexual relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. This led the House to impeach Clinton on December 19, 1998:

  • Perjury, where the House claimed “William Jefferson Clinton willfully provided perjurious, false and misleading testimony to the grand jury” concerning his relationships with Lewinsky and Jones.
  • Obstruction of Justice, where the House claimed Clinton obstructed justice and used his subordinates in “a scheme designed to delay, impede, cover up and conceal the existence of evidence related” to the Paula Jones Case.
  • Clinton was impeached by the House, but acquitted in the Senate on February 12, 1999 by a vote of 45-55 on perjury and 50-50 on obstruction of justice. He completed his term in office over the following two years.

Source: Read Full Article